There is Died Among the main opponents of apartheid in South Africa in the 1980s were the Anglican Archbishop of South Africa, Desmond Tutu, who won the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize. Tutu turns 90, the news of his death was confirmed by South African President Cyril Ramaphosa.
As archbishop of Johannesburg and later Cape Town, Tutu has devoted himself to numerous political endeavors and struggles in support of the struggle against apartheid, which was established in South Africa in the late 1940s by racial segregation and the ruling white minority. Together with other great activists such as Nelson Mandela, he argued for the need to keep the struggles quiet and fought to end secession. After Mandela was released in 1990 and elected president in 1994, Tutu became chairman of a commission investigating cases of human rights abuses during apartheid.
Tutu was born on October 7, 1931, into a modest family in Clerkstorp, a rural town about 160 kilometers southwest of Johannesburg. He studied to be a teacher, changed his mind and decided to become a priest.
He studied theology at the University of London in the mid-1960s. He returned to South Africa, where he had a rapid ecclesiastical life, and he immediately showed a particular focus on the issue of human rights. Tutu, who could deliver captivating and thrilling and engaging speeches, soon became one of the biggest opponents of apartheid.
As archbishop, Tutu became one of the most powerful figures in supporting the need to end secession. Strongly opposed by the National Party that led the country by supporting the importance of apartheid, Tutu was one of the most staunch supporters of international sanctions against South Africa.
In doing so, Tutu kept a certain distance from the African National Congress (ANC), the main party that always supported the liberation movement, which would become the ruling party more than 20 years after the end of apartheid, including Mandela. Member .. Tutu never supported the armed wing of the party and often criticized its leaders. However he acknowledged that their numbers were not enough to defeat Mandela’s vision of a just society. His dedication earned him the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize.
Ten years later, when Mandela became President of South Africa, he asked Tutu to head a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) to collect and evaluate evidence of crimes committed during secession on both sides. The trials were often televised, giving Tutu the ability to reach millions of people not only in South Africa but in other parts of the world.
The court was an important moment in South Africa’s transition to apartheid, but it received some criticism for the methods used. During his tenure as head of the TRC, Tutu was severely attacked by members of the far right of the white minority, but also by some members of the ANC. The most harsh and harsh testimonies of those who were violent during the partition had a strong impact on Tutu, who never hid his grief and bewilderment.
In the late 1990s, Tutu was diagnosed with prostate cancer. He undermined public commitment and devoted himself very diligently to his family, but he never failed to criticize the ANC and continue to be interested in international politics. In 2015, he launched an effort to ask presidents and heads of government around the world to join the plan to switch to renewable energy sources within 35 years to mitigate the effects of climate change.
Commenting on his death, South African President Ramaphosa said: The death of Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu marks another chapter in our nation’s mourning and farewell to the generation of incredible South Africans who gave us South Africa.