Elena Ceauşescu was born Lenuta Petrescu and was the wife and close collaborator of Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceauşescu for more than forty years, leading one of the most backward and brutal regimes in the Soviet camp from 1965 to 1989. The country’s Deputy Prime Minister, Elena Sioux, is a chemist and author of scientific research, which has won numerous national and international awards, including from the prestigious Royal Society of Chemistry in the United Kingdom.
However, as Defender In a lengthy article, some personalities in the Romanian world of education called for the withdrawal of these awards at Ceauşescu, as well as for appearing as the sole author of works still in circulation, saying that his academic prestige would be a consequence. A fraud was built thanks to his enormous political influence.
Ceauşescu was born in 1916 into a farming family in a small village in Wallachia, southern Romania. In 1939 she joined the Bucharest faction of the Communist Party and met her fianc. Elena Soussecu’s political and social upheaval began after she became general secretary of the party, the highest-ranking communist political office. In the 1970s, Elena Chiosz took on a series of top positions in the party machinery, but in addition to her political prestige she was also keen on developing academic and scientific qualities.
Communist ideology, on the other hand, attached great value to science, the fundamental component of industrial and economic development. Moreover, Ceauşescu came from a rural environment where the number of highly educated people was low and therefore appreciated.
Ceauşescu attended evening classes at Bucharest Polytechnic, graduated in 1957 and began working at the National Institute of Chemical and Petrochemical Research (ICECHIM). Later, in the late 1960s, he received his doctorate from the Polytechnic. But this linear version of his academic career over the years has been questioned by various witnesses.
Journalist and journalist Edward Behr in his book, Ceausescu spouses Kiss the hand you can not bite: the rise and fall of Cicero, He wrote: “There is no record of him pursuing a degree in chemistry before his doctorate […] Yet in 1960 he worked full-time as a researcher at ICECHIM, and in 1965 he became its director. According to his doctoral dissertation, there are always doubts about the contribution that Ceausescu actually made. Many scientists at ICECHIM and her collaborators (after the fall of the regime in 1989) argued that they were forced to contribute to the study, and that many who worked with her found it difficult to believe that she had the ability to understand it. Contents.
In Behr’s book, the testimony of Mircea Corciovei, who worked at ICECHIM during her time as director of Ceausescu, is quoted. Corciovei said talking to Ceausescu was too complicated because “he gave orders and did not like discussions” and could not understand the true extent of his knowledge in the field of chemistry because he never talked about the scientific aspects of the work. : “He was only concerned with political and administrative matters.”
One day, by accident, Corciovi spoke to us and discovered that he did not know what a chromatograph was (a tool that could separate the components of a mixture) and that he could not identify the formula of sulfuric acid. (H.2And so on4), Which is usually taught in the early years of high school.
Although his incompetence was more or less known to his collaborators, Ceausescu continued to seek academic recognition and recognition in Romania but especially abroad. Until the official visit of US President Richard Nixon in 1969, the Romanian regime was one of the few communist countries that could boast of excellent relations with the Western camp. Western kindness was due to a critical and sometimes hostile attitude. Sausage was maintained towards the Soviet Union.
Taking advantage of this situation, Elena Ciocescu advised ambassadors and government officials to persuade foreign countries to grant her any educational recognition during official visits or meetings.
There is ample evidence of the diplomatic pressure exerted by Ceausescu in this sense. For example, the book by Ian Mihai Pespa, who was head of Romanian intelligence before leaving power in 1978. Nine years later he wrote a book in which he once asked Ceausescu to organize a festival with New York universities. And Washington, to give her an honorary degree. “I tried to explain to her that the president in the United States does not have the same powers as the Romans in Romania,” Pespa wrote. “However, the only result was Elena’s anger.”
Another example is Dennis Delende, a Romanian historian and expert professor at University College London, who was contacted by the dean of faculty in 1978 regarding some requests from Romanian embassy officials. They asked him for an honorary degree before his state visit to Ceausescu in June of that year, and the chief wanted to know from him if it was a good idea. Speaks with DefenderRemoves, Reminds:
“The Romanian embassy in London made a great effort to acknowledge Elena’s scientific achievements in some British educational institutions – although I know from reliable Romanian sources, she was hailed by the Roman press as a” globally recognized scientist “. His doctorate is the work of a professor at Iasi University..