In India, street salivation is so widespread that it has provoked local governments in individual states and cities, especially after the onset of the corona virus infection, to make it a practice again. Very dangerous from a health point of view. Tons of saliva and tobacco or foodstuffs commonly chewed by Indians cause damage to buildings and infrastructure. So far, the fine and awareness campaigns introduced to control the damage do not seem to have changed this habit, which is deeply rooted and has long been accepted by society.
As a result, the streets and corners of many buildings in India are usually filled with saliva and debris on the floor every day by people chewing tobacco or so-called. பான்: A product used for betel palm leaves and milkweed for its stimulant effects. Some substances turn saliva red, which is why residues பான் Spit by people Stain Clear buildings and road pavement.
For example, acids in thousands and thousands of clues பான் Are gradually eroded Protection of the pillars supporting the beams of the Howrah Bridge in Calcutta. Also, like He said India Today, Indian Railways uses a large amount of money and water to clean their spit stations every year, so now you have distributors distributing spit, small and reusable containers at about forty stations in the northwest of the country.
Mumbai and In other cities Have been for some time Volunteer researchers Those who spit and throw rubbish and urine in the street are fined. Also, in Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra, some murals were drawn to persuade people not to spit, and information campaigns were launched little by little everywhere.
From The corona virus is often spread directly through the airAlso, there is the state government of Maharashtra in May 2020 Introduced Strict restrictions against street salivators. These measures are part of an emergency plan to manage the epidemic: spitting in public places in the state will result in a civil service job and a fine of about 1,000 euros (about 12 euros) for the smoker or smoker. The most severe punishments include imprisonment for up to 2 years.
Raja Narasimhan has been conducting seminars all over India for more than ten years and trying to keep people from spitting. He said BBC Indians spit on that in the hope that it is their right. Athletes spit on the floor, and characters from Bollywood films challenge each other, as a sign of superiority or lack of fear. It is a purely male habit, which, among others, follows an idea, according to many Indian critics Toxic masculinity: Journalist the Hindu Alka Jain described this as a practice.Disappointment and attack2, it transmits the message of great “civilization”.
Indian historian Mukul Kesavan is always quoted BBC, He said, adding that saliva has always been a habit in India as elsewhere and could be linked to what he called “India’s obsession with pollution and how to get rid of it”.
According to historians, this is related to Hinduism, especially the need to maintain cleanliness, so one should leave one’s home – and figuratively, expel anything dirty – from the body. However, if the habit of spitting in public places had changed in Europe and the United States, especially since the end of the nineteenth century, following the various epidemics of tuberculosis, there would not have been the same sensitivity in India.
2016 The then Minister of Health of India He nodded Problems related to this habit by claiming that India is a spitting country: “We spit when we are bored; We spit when we are tired; We spit when we are angry, or have to do so. However, at the outset of the corona virus outbreak, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi urged citizens not to spit in public, arguing that “everyone” always knew it was “wrong”.
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According to most historians and journalists who have dealt with the problem, it would not be enough to focus more on fines and health to change such a deeply rooted habit.
Meanwhile, Indian tennis player Adil Kalyanpur also tried to convince his teammates not to spit on the ground because it is dangerous for the corona virus to spread. He did it with a rap song in which he says: “Stop spitting in the street, stop spitting wherever you want, so you spread the disease.”